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R • S

R

rabljen adj. (no comp.) used

račun m bill, receipt

računalo n (formal) computer

računati ~ iz- v.p. compute, calculate (A); se² count, have importance (impf. only); na¨ count on A (impf. only); (to count: brojati)

rad m work (na¨ act.)

· radni rel. adj.

raditi ~ napraviti v.p. work; do, function

radio (radij-) m radio (na¨ media)

· radijski rel. adj.

rado adv. used to express that some action is liked

· radost f joy

radnikworker

· radnica f

· radnički rel. adj.

rađati ~ roditi v.p. give birth (to A); mediopass.

· rođen pass. adj. born

· rođenje n birth

· rađanje n childbirth, parturition

rame (ramen-) m (pl ramen-) shoulder

rani adj. early

raspoložen adj. in mood

· raspoloženje n mood

raspored m schedule, positioning

· na¨ + A/DL scheduled

raspravljati ~ raspraviti v.p. (o DL) discuss (DL)

rast m growth

rastajati (rastaje) se² ~ rastati (rastane) se² v.p. (od G) divorce (from G)

rasti (raste, rastao, rasla) ~ od- (») v.p. grow (to grow something: uzgajati)

rat m war

· ratni rel. adj.

razgovarati («) impf. (s I) (preko G) (o DL) talk (to I) (over G) (about DL) (see also: govoriti)

razgovor m conversation (na¨ act.)

· razgovorni rel. adj. conversational, colloquial

razumjeti (razumije) impf. understand A; mutual se²

· razumijevanje n understanding

razmak m distance, gap

razmišljati («) ~ razmisliti v.p. (o DL) consider, ponder (DL); think deeply (about DL)

razvijati ~ razviti (razvije) v.p. develop A / se²

· razvijen pass. adj. developed

razvoj m development

· razvojni rel. adj.

reći (reče, pres-3 reku; rekao, rekla) perf. → kazati

rečenica f sentence (in language)

· rečenični rel. adj.

red m order; queue

· u redu pred. OK

· (na¨) pred. used to indicate when it's someone's turn

· redni rel. adj. ordinal

rep m tail

· repni rel. adj.

rez m cut

rezati (reže) ~ iz- v.p. cut A (used for nice cuts, e.g. with a knife or saw; for others: sjeći) {I: rizati}

riba f fish

· riblji rel. adj.

ribarfisherman

· ribarski rel. adj.

riječ f (I also riječju) word

rijedak (rijetk-) adj. (comp. rjeđi) rare, sparse

· rijetko adv. rarely, seldom

· rijetkost f rarity

rijeka f river

· riječni rel. adj.

riža f rice {S: pirinač}

rječnik m dictionary

rješavati («) ~ riješiti v.p. solve A; mediopass.

· riješen pass. adj. solved

· rješenje n solution

· rješiv adj. solvable

robslave

· robinja f

· ropski rel. adj.

· ropstvo n slavery

rod m kin

· u rodu pred. related

roditeljparent

· roditeljski rel. adj.

· roditeljski sastanak parent-teacher meeting

rođendan m birthday; birthday party (na¨ act.)

· rođendanski rel. adj.

roniti impf. dive

roštilj m grill, barbecue

roza adj. indecl. (no comp.) (colloq.) pink {Std: ružičast; S: roze}

rub m edge, margin (na¨ l/d)

· rubni rel. adj. marginal

ručak (ručk-) m main meal of the day, eaten at midday or early afternoon; dinner (na¨ act.)

ručati ~ po- v.p. have lunch

ručnik m towel {colloq. coast: šugaman; B/S: peškir}

rugati se² ~ na- («) v.p. mock DL

rujan (rujn-) m (formal) September {B/S: septembar (septembr-)}

· rujanski rel. adj.

ruka f arm, hand

· ručni rel. adj. hand, manual

rukav m sleeve

rukavica f glove

rupa f hole

rušiti ~ s- v.p. demolish, tear down A; mediopass.

ruža f rose

ružan (ružn-) adj. ugly

· ružnoća f ugliness

ružičast adj. pink

S

s¨ (sa¨ in certain positions) prep. (+ I) with § 35; (+ G) off, from § 21

sačuvati («) perf. → čuvati

sad(a) adv. now

· sadašnji rel. adj. present, current § 76

· sadašnjost f present time, now

saditi ~ po- («) v.p. plant (A)

sadržaj m content; table of contents

saginjati (saginje) ~ sagnuti (sagne) v.p. bow, duck, bend down A / se²

· sagnut pass. adj. bent (body)

sajam (sajm-) m (N-pl sajmovi) fair (na¨ act.)

salata f salad {Dalm. salata}

sam adj. (no comp.) alone

samo adv. just, only

san (sn-) m dream

sanjati impf. dream (A); o DL dream of DL

sapun m soap

sastajati (sastaje) se² ~ sastati (sastane) se² v.p. (s¨ I) meet (I)

sastanak (sastank-) m meeting (na¨ act.)

sat m hour (N-pl sati); clock (N-pl satovi)

· satni rel. adj.

savijati («) ~ savinuti (savine) v.p. bend A / se²

sav (sv-) adj. (in Standard, gets e-endings) all, complete, total (mostly used as a pronoun: neut. sing. as everything, masc. plur. as everyone) § 41

savjet m advice; council, board

savršen adj. perfect

· savršenstvo n perfection

se² so-called reflexive particle § 8, 22, 25, 34, 64

sedam number 7

· sedmi ord. adj. seventh

selo n village

· na¨ + A/DL to/at countryside

· seoski rel. adj.

seljakvillager

· seljanka f

· seljački rel. adj.

sestra f (G-pl sestara) sister

sestrična f female cousin (male: bratić)

shvaćati ~ shvatiti v.p. comprehend, realize (A/CC) {B/S: shvatati ~ } § 59

· shvaćen pass. adj. understood

· shvatljiv adj. understandable

siguran (sigurn-) adj. safe; assured, secure

· sigurno adv. for sure

· sigurnost f security, safety

sinson

sinoć adv. last evening

· sinoćnji / sinoćni rel. adj.

sir m (N-pl sirevi) cheese

· sirni rel. adj.

sirov adj. raw

siv adj. (comp. sivlji) gray (for hair: sijed)

siječanj (siječnj-) m (formal) January {B/S: januar}

· siječanjski rel. adj.

sjeći (siječe, pres-3pl sijeku, sjekao, sjekla) ~ od- (») v.p. (na¨ A1) cut (A) (to A1)

sijed adj. (no comp.) gray, white (hair)

silaziti ~ sići (siđe, sišao, sišla) v.p. climb down, descend

sjećati se ~~ sjetiti se v.p. remember (G/CC); § 20, 69

sjedati ~ sjesti (sjedne, sjeo) v.p. sit down, take a seat (this verb pair implies motion, while sjediti is static)

sjediti impf. sit (static)

sjedište n seat

sjena f shadow, shade

sjever m north (na¨ l/d)

· sjeverni adj. northern

skakati (skače) ~ skočiti v.p. jump

skidati ~ skinuti (skine) v.p. take off A (clothes, something hanging) / se²; (colloq.) download (A)

· skinut pass. adj. taken off

skok m jump

skoro adv. almost (also: quite rare, but Std. gotovo) § 9, 41

skretati (skreće) ~ skrenuti (skrene) v.p. (s G) deviate change direction (from G)

· skretanje n detour, intersection

skroman (skromn-) adj. modest, humble

skup adj. (comp. skuplji) expensive

· skupoća f dearness, high prices

skupljati ~ skupiti v.p. collect A; se² shrink (for clothes)

slab adj. weak

· slabost f weakness

slabiti ~ o- v.p. weaken

sladak (slatk-) adj. (comp. slađi) sweet

· slatkoća f sweetness

sladoled m ice-cream (na¨ act.)

slagati (slaže) ~ složiti v.p. arrange, put in order A; se² agree

slamati ~ slomiti v.p. (na¨ A1) break (A) (to A1)

· slomljen pass. adj. broken

slan adj. salty

· slanost f salinity

slastičarnica f ice-cream & cakes shop (also: slastičarna)

slati (šalje) ~ po- v.p. send (A) (to DL)

slava f glory

· slavan (slavn-) adj. glorious, famous

slaviti ~ pro- v.p. celebrate (A)

· slavlje n celebration, feast

sličan (sličn-) adj. similar, alike

· sličnost f similarity

slijediti impf. follow (A) (used literally; see also: pratiti)

slijep adj. (no comp.) blind

· sljepoća f blindness

slika f painting, picture, photograph (na¨ l/d)

slikati ~ na- v.p. paint (A) (a painting); impf. verb also means take photos

slina f saliva {S: pljuvačka}

sloboda f freedom

slobodan (slobodn-) adj. free, uninhibited

slonelephant

· slonica f

složiti perf. → slagati

· složen adj. assembled; complex

slučaj m (N-pl slučajevi) accident; case (in law, medicine)

· slučajan (slučajn-) adj. accidental

· slučajnost f chance, randomness

sluga mª (domestic) servant

· sluškinja f

slušati ~ po- v.p. listen (to A)

služiti impf. serve DL; se² I use I

sljedeći adj. (no comp.) next

smeće n (no pl.) trash, waste

smeđ adj. (no comp.) brown

smetatiza- («) v.p. obstruct, discomfort (DL)

· smetnja f disturbance, interference

smijati (smije) se² impf. (DL) laugh (at DL)

smijeh m laughter

smiješan (smiješn-) adj. (comp. smješniji) funny

smišljati ~ smisliti v.p. contrive, devise, make a plan

· smišljen pass. adj. premeditated, devised

smjer m direction

smrt f death

· smrtni rel. adj.

· smrtonosan (smrtonosn-) adj. deadly

snaga f force, strength

snalaziti se² ~ snaći (snađe, snašao, snašla) se² v.p. manage, find a way § 51

snažan (snažn-) adj. strong (also: jak)

snijeg m (N-pl snjegovi) snow

· sniježni rel. adj.

snimati ~ snimiti v.p. record (A) (to record sounds and film/video)

soba f room

· sobni rel. adj.

sok m juice

sol f salt {B/S: so (sol-) f}

soliti ~ po- («) v.p. salt (A)

spajati ~ spojiti v.p. connect, join (A); se² (na¨ A) connect (to A), plug (into A)

spašavati («) ~ spasiti v.p. rescue, save A

· spašen pass. adj. rescued, saved

spavati ~~ zaspati (zaspi) {R/B/S: (zaspe)} v.p. sleep

spoj m junction, connection

spojiti perf. → spajati

· spojen pass. adj. connected

spremati ~ spremiti v.p. prepare A; store A; tidy A; se² get ready

· spremljen pass. adj. stored, prepared

spreman (spremn-) adj. ready, prepared

spuštati ~ spustiti v.p. lower, take down A; se² descend

· + slušalicu hang up the phone

· spušten pass. adj. lowered

srce n (G-pl srca / srdaca) heart

sreća f luck; happiness {I: srića}

· sva sreća da... fortunately § 59

sredina f middle

srednji adj. (no comp.) middle

sretan (sretn-) adj. happy; lucky {I: sritan, B/S: srećan}

sretati (sreće) ~ sresti (sretne, sreo) v.p. encounter, come across A; se² mutual

srijeda f Wednesday

srpanj (srpnj-) m (formal) July {B/S: jun / juni}

· srpanjski adj.

stablo n (G-pl stabala) tree

stado n herd

stajati (staje) ~ stati (stane) v.p. halt, come to stand (dynamic); fit (perf.) § 52

stajati (stoji) impf. stand (static) § 52

staklo n glass (material)

· staklen adj.

stalan (staln-) adj. (no comp.) permanent

· stalno adv. (no comp.) constantly, all the time

stan m apartment

stanica f station (na¨ l/d); cell (in body)

stanje n situation, condition

star adj. old

· starost f age, old age

stavljati ~ staviti v.p. put A

stizati (stiže) ~ stići (stigne, stigao, stigla) v.p. arrive (INF) (in time)

sto number 100 § 47

stol m table, desk {B/S: sto (stol-)}

stolac (stolc-) m chair

stolica f chair

stoljeće n century {B: vijek; S: vek}

· stoljetni adj. centennial

stotina f hundred § 47

strah m fear

· strah je² A (G / da...) = A is afraid (of G / that...) (one who is afraid is in A) § 64

stran adj. unfamiliar, foreign

strana f side, face (of an object); page (na¨ l/d)

stranac (stranc-) mª foreigner

· strankinja f

stranica f page (na¨ l/d)

strast f passion

strašan (strašn-) adj. terrible

stricfather's brother; paternal uncle

· strina f wife of stric

strog adj. (comp. stroži / strožiji) strict

stroj m machine {B/S: mašina}

· strojni adj.

strop m ceiling (na¨ l/d)

· stropni adj.

strpljiv adj. patient

stručnjakexpert

struja f current; electricity

· strujni adj. electric

studeni m (adj.) (formal) November {B/S: novembar (novembr-)}

studentuniversity student

· studentica f

· studentski rel. adj.

stup m column, pillar

stvar f thing

stvaran (stvarn-) adj. real, in existence

· stvarnost f reality

stvarati ~ stvoriti v.p. create (A)

sudjelovati (sudjeluje) impf. (u¨ DL) participate (in DL)

suđe n (no pl.) dishes

suh adj. (comp. suši) dry {Š: suv}

· suhoća f dryness

suša f drought

suknja f skirt {colloq. inland/S: šos (N-pl šosevi)}

sukob m conflict

sumnja f suspicion

sumnjati ~~ po- («) v.p. (da...) suspect (that...)

sumnjiv adj. suspicious

sumrak m dusk

sunce n sun (na¨ met.)

· sunčan adj. sunny

sunčati ~ o- v.p. sunbathe A / se²

super adj., adv. indecl. (no comp.) (colloq.) great, awesome

suprotan (suprotn-) adj. (no comp.) opposite

· suprotnost f opposite

suprugspouse

· supruga f

susjedneighbor {R/B/S: komšija mª}

· susjeda f {R/B/S: komšinica}

· susjedstvo n neighborhood {R/B/S: komšiluk}

susret m encounter

sutra adv. tomorrow {M: sjutra}

· sutrašnji rel. adj. § 76

suza f tear (drop)

svadba f wedding (na¨ act.)

svađati se² ~~ po- v.p. quarrel (the perf. verb can be also used with A instead of se²)

svađa f quarrel

svaki (spec. forms) adj. (no comp.) any, each

sve pron. all, everything; → sav

svi pron. everyone; → sav

svibanj (svibnj-) m (formal) May {B/S: maj}

· svibanjski rel. adj.

sviđati se² ~~ svidjeti (svidi, svidio, svidjela) se² v.p. like (uses an inverted case assignment: one who likes is in DL, what is liked is in N, similar to German gefallen and Spanish gustar)

svijati ~ svinuti (svine) v.p. bend A / se²

· svinut pass. adj. bent

svijet m (N-pl svjetovi) world (na¨ l/d)

· svjetski rel. adj.

svijetao (svijetl-) adj. (comp. svjetliji) bright

svila f silk

· svilen rel. adj.

svinja f pig

· svinjski adj.

· svinjetina f pork

svirati ~ od- («) ~ za- («) v.t. play (A) (only to play music, otherwise: igrati)

svjetlo n light (na¨ l/d)

svjetlost f light (abstract)

svjež adj. fresh

· svježina f freshness

svlačiti ~ svući (svuče, svukao, svukla) v.p. undress, take off A / se²

svojstvo n characteristic

svrha f purpose

5 Easy Croatian: R • S R rabljen adj. (no comp.) used r a č u n m bill, receipt rač u nalo n (formal) computer rač u nati ~ iz- v.p. compute, calcul...

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