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P

P

pa conj. and, then

pad m fall

padati ~ pasti (padne, pao) v.p. fall
~ + ispit fail exam

pakao (pakl-) m hell
~ paklen adj.

palac (palc-) m (N-pl palci / palčevi) thumb

pametan (pametn-) adj. smart

pamtiti ~~ za- v.p. remember, memorize A / CC § 69
~ pamćenje n memory
~ pamtiv adj. memorable

pamuk m cotton
~ pamučni rel. adj.

pandža f claw

papir m paper (but newspaper: novine)
~ papirni rel. adj.
~ papirnat adj.

par m pair

par adv. couple

para f steam
~ parni rel. adj.

parkiralište n parking lot

parkirati («) ~ s- v.p. park (vehicle) (A)

pas (ps-) mª dog
~ pseći adj.
~ pasji rel. adj.

patiti ~ pro- («) v.p. suffer
~ patnja f suffering

patka f duck
~ patak (patk-) mª
~ pačji rel. adj.

paukspider

paziti impf. take care, be careful
~ pažnja f care, attention
~ pažljiv adj. careful

pčela f bee

peć f stove, furnace

peći (peče, pres-3pl peku; pekao, pekla) ~ is- (») v.p. bake (A); mediopass.
~ pečen pass. adj. baked

pećnica f oven

penjati (penje) se² ~ popeti (popne) se² v.p. (na¨ A) climb (A)

pero n feather
~ perje n coll. feathers

pet number 5

peta f heel

petak (petk-) m Friday

piće n (usually no pl.) drink

pijesak (pijesk-) m sand
~ pješčan rel. adj.

pile (pilet-) n (as pl. pilići) chicken
~ pileći rel. adj.

pisac (pisc-) mª writer (used sometimes for fem. as well)
~ spisateljica f (formal)

pisati (piše) ~ na- («) v.p. write (A)

pismo n (G-pl pisama) letter

pita f pie

pitati impf. ask (A-pers) (A-what / CC-question); § 59, 73

pitanje n question

piti (pije) ~ po- v.p. drink (A)

pivo n beer {colloq. NW piva}
~ pivski rel. adj.

pjena f foam

pjesma f (G-pl pjesama) song

pjesnikpoet
~ pjesnikinja f
~ pjesnički rel. adj. poetic

pješice (also: pješke) adj. by foot, on foot

pjevačsinger
~ pjevačica f
~ pjevački rel. adj.

pjevati ~ ot- ~ za- v.t. sing (A) (to DL)

plahta f bed sheet {B/S: thin sheet: čaršav / čaršaf}

plakati (plače) ~~ za- v.p. cry (with tears)

planina f mountain (na¨ l/d)
~ planinski adj.

plaćati ~ platiti v.p. pay (A) (to DL)
~ plaćen pass. adj. paid

plašiti ~ u- v.p. scare A; se² get scared (of G); se² da... get scared that...; § 64

plavi adj. blue § 11

plaža f beach (na¨ l/d)

ples m dance
~ plesni adj.

plesati ~ ot- («) ~ za- («) v.t. (na¨ A) dance (to A)

plima f tide
~ plimni rel. adj.

plivati ~ ot- ~ za- v.t. swim

ploviti ~ ot- («) ~ za- («) v.t. sail, navigate

pluća f pl. lung(s)
~ plućni rel. adj.

pljuštati (pljušti) impf. rain heavily (impers.)

pljusak (pljusk-) m rainshower

po prep. (+ DL) over surface of § 42; (with verbs of motion + A) to pick up § 50; (+ DL) according to § 42; (NOUN1 po NOUN2) NOUN1 by NOUN2; (+ quantity) each (distributive)

pobjeda f victory
~ + nad¨ I victory over I

pobjednikwinner
~ pobjednica f
~ + nad¨ I over I

pobjeđivati (pobjeđuje) ~ pobijediti («) v.p. (u¨ DL) win (in DL); (u¨ DL) beat A (in DL)
~ pobijeđen pass. adj. beaten (in a play)

pobjeći perf. → bježati

početak (početk-) m beginning (na¨ l/d)

počinjati (počinje) ~ početi (počne) v.p. begin, start; start to INF (opposite: prestajati, završavati) § 52

pod¨ m walking surface, floor (story: kat)

pod prep. (+ I) under (location); (+ A) under (destination)

podne (podnev-) n noon
~ podnevni rel. adj.

podsjećati ~ podsjetiti v.p. (na A1) remind (A) (of A1); da... remind (A) to...

pogađati («) ~ pogoditi («) v.p. hit A; guess (A) (opposite: promašivati)
~ pogođen pass. adj. hit, affected

pogled m look, view

pogodak (pogotk-) m hit (music hit: hit)

pokazivati (pokazuje) ~ pokazati (pokaže) v.p. show (A) (to DL); show (to DL) da... show (DL) that...

poklanjati ~ pokloniti («) v.p. donate, give gift A (to DL) (see also: darivati); (perf. only) se² bow to (DL)
~ poklonjen pass. adj. given an a gift, donated

poklapati («) ~ poklopiti («) v.p. put lid on A; se² match, coincide
~ poklopljen pass. adj. covered (pot)

poklon m gift (also: dar)

poklopac (poklopc-) m lid, hood

pokraj prep. (+ G) beside (also: pored)

pokretati (pokreće) ~ pokrenuti (pokrene) v.p. set A / se² to motion (opposite: zaustavljati)
~ pokrenut pass. adj. started
~ pokretljiv adj. mobile, unfixed

pokret m movement

pokrivač m blanket, covering

pokrivati («) ~ pokriti (potkrije) v.p. cover A / se²
~ pokriven pass. adj. covered

pokušavati («) ~ pokušati v.p. try (to INF) (see also: probati) § 31

pokušaj m attempt
~ + da... to ...

pola adv. half § 46

polovica / polovina f half § 46

pomak m shift, small movement

pomagati (pomaže) ~ pomoći (pomogne, pomogao, pomogla) v.p. help (DL) (to INF); (DL) da... to...

pomicati (pomiče) ~ pomaknuti (pomakne) v.p. move, shift A / se² (moving to another house, apartment: seliti) {B/S: pomjerati («) ~ pomjeriti}
~ pomaknut pass. adj. shifted, out of place

pomoć f help, aid
~ (+ DL) to DL
~ pomoćni rel. adj. auxiliary, secondary

pomoćnikassistant, aid, helper
~ pomoćnica f

pomorac (pomorc-) mª seaman

ponavljati («) ~ ponoviti («) v.p. repeat, do again A; mediopass;
~ ponovljen pass. adj. done again
~ ponovljiv adj. repeatable

ponijeti (ponese, ponio, ponijela) perf. take A (with oneself) § 65

ponoć f midnight
~ ponoćni rel. adj.

ponos m pride

ponosan (ponosn-) adj. proud

popravak (popravk-) m repair

popis m list

popravljati ~ popraviti v.p. mend, fix, repair A; mediopass. improve
~ popravljen pass. adj. repaired

posao (posl-) m (N-pl poslovi) job, business
~ poslovni adj. business

poslije adv. after, later § 48

poseban (posebn-) adj. special, extraordinary (opposite: običan)

posjećivati (posjećuje) ~ posjetiti v.p. visit A

postajati (postaje) ~ postati (postane) v.p. become (N / adj-N) § 52

postavljati ~ postaviti v.p. set, install A § 60
~ postavljen pass. adj. placed, set up

posuđivati (posuđuje) ~ posuditi («) v.p. (od G) borrow (A) (from G); lend (A) to DL (colloq.) (for house or apartment: iznajmljivati) § 73
~ posuđen pass. adj. borrowed

pošta f post office, mail
~ poštanski rel. adj.

poštarpostman
~ poštarica f

pošten adj. honest, fair
~ poštenje n fairness, integrity

pošteno adv. fairly, justly; to great extent, thoroughly

poštovati (poštuje) impf. respect A
~ poštovan pass. adj. respected (used in letters to address people) § 72
~ poštovanje n respect (used also as greeting)

potpis m signature

potpisivati (potpisuje) ~ potpisati (potpiše) v.p. sign A / se²
~ potpisan pass. adj. signed

potvrda f receipt, confirmation

potvrđivati (potvrđuje) ~ potvrditi («) v.p. confim A
~ potvrđen pass. adj. confimed

povećalo n magnifying glass

povećavati («) ~ povećati v.p. enlarge, increase, make bigger A; mediopass; (opposite: smanjivati)
~ povećan pass. adj. enlarged

povesti (povede, poveo) perf. take A (person/animal) § 65

povesti (poveze, povezao, povezla) perf. take A (by driving) § 65

povijest f history {B/S: istorija}
~ povijesni adj. historic {B/S: istorijski}

pozdrav m greeting
~ (+ DL) to DL

pozdravljati ~ pozdraviti v.p. greet A

poznavati (poznaje) impf. know A, be familiar with A (see also upoznavati)

poznat adj. known, well-known

požar m uncontrolled fire (e.g. in a building)

požurivati (požuruje) ~ požuriti («) v.p. speed up, hurry (A) (see also: žuriti)

prag m threshold

prah m dust

praktičan (praktičn-) adj. handy, easy to use

prašina f dust

pratiti impf. follow A
~ praćen pass. adj. followed

pravda f justice

pravedan (pravedn-) adj. just, fair

pravi adj. (no comp.) true, right

pravilo n rule

praviti impf. make, create A

prazan (prazn-) adj. empty
~ praznina f emptiness

praznik m public holiday

predavati (predaje) ~ predati v.p. hand over (A) (to DL); se² surrender (to DL); (only impf.) give lectures (in A)
~ predan pass. adj. handed over; dedicated

predlagati (predlaže) ~ predložiti («) v.p. propose, suggest (A) (to DL); da... (DL) to INF
~ predložen pass. adj. proposed

predmet m object

prednost m advantage

predsjednikpresident
~ predsjednica f
~ predsjednički rel. adj.

predstava f show, theatre play

predstavljati ~ predstaviti v.p. represent A § 60
~ predstavljen pass. adj. represented

pregled m inspection; (medical) examination

pregledavati («) ~ pregledati browse, examine A
~ pregledan pass. adj. examined (medically)

prehlada f cold (disease)
~ prehlađen adj. having cold

prekid m interruption, break

prekidati («) ~ prekinuti (prekine) v.p. interrupt A / se²
~ prekinut pass. adj. interrupted

prekidač m switch

preko adv. (+ G) across

prelaziti ~ preći (pređe, prešao, prešla) v.p. pass, go over (A) § 51

prenositi («) ~ prenijeti (prenese, prenio, prenijela) v.p. take, carry over, transfer A (to DL) § 65
~ prenesen pass. adj. caried over; metaphorical

prepreka f obstacle

prestajati (prestaje) ~ prestati (prestane) v.p. cease, stop (INF) § 52

prestrašiti perf. → strašiti
~ prestrašen pass. adj. scared

pretpostavljati ~ pretpostaviti v.p. da... suppose, assume that... § 59
~ pretpostavljen pass. adj. supposed

pretpostavka f assumption

preuzimati ~ preuzeti (preuzme) v.p. (A) (od G) take over (A) (from G)
~ preuzet pass. adj. taken over

prevoditi («) ~ prevesti (prevede, preveo) v.p. (s¨ G) (na¨ A1) translate (A) (from G) (to A1) § 65
~ preveden pass. adj. translated

prezime (prezimen-) n last, family name

prihvaćati ~ prihvatiti v.p. accept A; mediopass. {B/S: prihvatati ~}
~ prihvaćen pass. adj. accepted
~ prihvatljiv adj. acceptable

prijateljfriend
~ prijateljica f
~ prijateljski adj.
~ prijateljstvo n friendship

prije adv. earlier; (+ G) before § 48
~ prijašnji rel. adj. former

prijedlog m proposal

prijetiti impf. threaten (DL)
~ prijetnja f threat

prijevod m translation

prijevoz m transport

primjer m example
~ na primjer for example [npr.] § 42

princ mª (I princem, N-pl prinčevi) prince
~ princeza f princess

pripadati ~~ pripasti (pripadne, pripao) v.p. belong to DL

pripremati («) ~ pripremiti («) v.p. prepare A / se²
~ pripremljen pass. adj. prepared

priprema f preparation (incl. food)

priroda f nature
~ prirodan (prirodn-) adj. natural

pristajati (pristaje) ~ pristati (pristane) v.p. (da...) agree (to...); (na¨ A) agree (with A); dock (for ships) § 52

pritisak (pritisk-) m pressure

prizemlje n ground floor § 33

prljav adj. dirty

proba f rehearsal

probati impf. try (A / INF)

prodavati (prodaje) ~ prodati v.p. sell A; mediopass.
~ prodan pass. adj. sold

profesorprofessor
~ profesorica f
~ profesorski rel. adj.

prognoza f forecast

proizvod m product

proizvoditi («) ~ proizvesti (proizvede, proizveo) v.p. produce A; mediopass.
~ proizveden pass. adj. produced, made
~ proizvodnja f production

prolaz m passage, way through

prolaziti ~ proći (prođe, prošao, prošla) v.p. pass § 51
~ prošao (prošl-) adj. (no comp.) past
~ prošlost f past

proljeće n spring (season)
~ proljetni rel. adj.

promijeniti («) perf. → mijenjati
~ promijenjen pass. adj. changed
~ promjenjiv adj. inconstant, variable

promašivati (promašuje) ~ promašiti v.p. miss (A)
~ promašen pass. adj. missed, failed

promet m traffic {B/S: saobraćaj}

promjena f change

pronalaziti ~ pronaći (pronađe, pronašao, pronašla) v.p. find A (see also: naći) § 51
~ pronađen pass. adj. found

propadati ~~ propasti (propadne, propao) v.p. fall apart, collapse, fail
~ propao (propal-) adj. (no comp.) failed

prorokprophet

prosinac (prosinc-) m (formal) December {B/S: decembar (decembr-)}
~ prosinački rel. adj.

proslava f celebration

prošli adj. past, former

prošlost f past

protiv adv. against (+ G)

protivnikadversary, rival
~ protivnica f
~ protivnički rel. adj. rival

provoditi («) ~ provesti (provede, proveo) v.p. spend A (a period of time); se² have time (usually fun) (spend money: trošiti)
~ proveden pass. adj. spent

prozor m window {colloq. coast: poništra}

prsa n pl. chest, breasts
~ prsni rel. adj.

prst m (N-pl prsti) finger § 27

prsten m (N-pl prsteni / prstenovi) ring

prtljaga f (no pl.) luggage

pružati ~ pružiti v.p. stretch out A; serve, offer A (to DL)
~ pružen pass. adj. given (service), stretched out

prvi ord. adj. first § 33

pržiti ~ is- v.p. fry A; mediopass.
~ pržen pass. adj. fried

ptica f bird
~ ptičji rel. adj.

pucati impf. shoot (from a gun); crack

puhati ~ puhnuti (puhne) v.p. blow

pun adj. full

puniti ~ na- v.p. fill A
~ punjen pass. adj. filled

puno adv.q. a lot § 45, 63

pusa f (colloq. fam./children's) kiss

pust adj. empty, deserted

pustinja f desert, wasteland
~ pustinjski rel. adj.

puštati ~ pustiti v.p. release, let go A
~ pušten pass. adj. released

pušiti impf. smoke (A) (a cigar, cigarette)
~ pušenje n smoking (cigarettes)

put m (I putem, N-pl putevi) way
~ ordinal + put(a) time (e.g. third time)
~ putni rel. adj.

putnikpassenger, traveler
~ putnica f
~ putnički rel. adj.

putovati (putuje) ~ do- («) ~ ot- v.t. travel

putovnica f passport {B/S: pasoš}

pužsnail

5 Easy Croatian: P P pa conj. and, then pad m fall padati ~ pasti ( padne , pao ) v.p. fall ~ + ispit fail exam pakao ( pakl- ) m hell ~ pa...

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