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V • Z • Ž

V

vaditi ~ iz- v.p. (iz G) pull out, extract A (from G)

vaga f scale, device for weighting

val m wave {B/S: talas}
~ valni rel. adj.

valjda adv. probably, hopefully

van adv. out (direction) {R/B/S: napolje}
~ vanjski rel. adj. outer {R/B/S: spoljni} § 76

vani adv. out (location) {R/B/S: napolju}

varati ~ prevariti v.p. cheat (A)

vatra f fire
~ vatren adj. fiery, zealous

važan (važn-) adj. important
~ važnost f importance, relevance

vagati (važe) ~ iz- («) v.p. weigh (A)

večer f evening
~ večeras adv. this evening § 18
~ večernji rel. adj. evening § 57
~ večerašnji rel. adj. this evening § 76

večera f evening meal, supper (na¨ act.)

večerati impf. have supper

većina f majority
~ većinski rel. adj.

veličina f size

velik adj. (comp. veći) big

veljača f (formal) February {B/S: februar}

veseliti se² ~~ raz- («) v.p. look forward (to DL); dalooks forward to

veza f link, connection

vezati (veže) ~ za- («) v.p. tie A
~ vezan pass. adj. bound, connected

vi (+) pron. you (2nd pers. sg.)

vid m sense of vision

vidik m view, sight

vidjeti (vidi, vidio, vidjela) impf./perf. see A (see also: gledati); mediopass.
~ viđen pass. adj. seen

vijest f news, announcement

vika f shouting

vikati (viče) ~~ po- («) v.p. (da…) shout, yell) (to DL) (that…)

vilica f fork; mandible

vino n wine
~ vinski rel. adj.

vinograd m vineyard

visjeti (also visiti) (visi, visio, visjela) impf. hang (to hang something: vješati)

visina f height
~ visinski rel. adj.

visok adj. (comp. viši) tall

višak (višk-) m (N-pl viškovi) excess, surplus

više adv. more

vječan (vječn-) adj. eternal
~ vječnost f eternity

vjera f faith

vjeran (vjern-) adj. faithful
~ vjernost f fidelity, loyality

vjernikbeliever
~ vjernica f
~ vjernički rel. adj.

vjerovati (vjeruje) ~~ po- v.p. believe (to DL); u¨ A believe in A; dabelieve that

vješati ~ objesiti v.p. hang A

vješt adj. skilled
~ vještina f skill

vjetar (vjetr-) m (N-pl vjetrovi) wind
~ vjetrovit adj. windy

vlada f government

vladati ~~ za- («) v.p. rule (over I); se² behave

vlaga f moisture

vlak m train {B/S: voz}

vlast f rule (na¨ act.)

vlažan (vlažn-) adj. moist
~ vlažnost f humidity

voće n (no pl.) fruit, fruits
~ voćni rel. adj.

voćka f fruit-tree

voda f water

vodičguide; m conductor (of electricity)

voditi impf. lead (A)

vodopad m waterfall

vojniksoldier
~ vojnički rel. adj.

vojska f army, military
~ vojni rel. adj.

volan m steering wheel (za¨ act.) (Std. upravljač)

vođaleader

voljeti (voli, volio, voljela) ~~ za- («) love, like A / INF § 32, 81
~ voljen pass. adj. loved

voziti impf. drive A (steer!); se² drive (or ride, someone else could be steering)

vraćati ~ vratiti v.p. return A / se²
~ vraćen pass. adj. returned

vragdevil
~ vražji adj.

vrat m neck
~ vratni rel. adj.

vrata n pl. door (na¨ l/d)

vreća f bag, sack {I: vrića}

vrećica f shopping bag {R/B/S: kesa}

vrh m top, highest point (na¨ l/d)
~ vrhunski adj. top-performing, best

vrt m garden
~ vrtni adj.

vrijedan (vrijedn-) adj. valuable
~ vrijednost f value, worth

vrijediti impf. be worth A; be valid

vrijeme (vremen-) n (pl vremen-) time; weather
~ na vrijeme pred./adv. on time
~ vremenski adj.

vrlo adv. very (more formal; less formal: jako) (cannot be used to intensify verbs)

vrsta f kind; (biological) species

vruć adj. (no comp.) hot
~ vrućina f heat

vući (vuče, pres-3pl vuku; vukao, vukla) ~ po- (») v.p. pull A (opposite: gurati)

vukwolf
~ vučica f
~ vučji rel. adj.

vuna f wool
~ vunen rel. adj. of wool, woolen

Z

za¨ prep. (+ A) for A; (+ I) behind, around I (mostly in set expressions such as za stolom sitting around the table)

zabava f party, entertainment, fun (na¨ act.)

zabavan (zabavn-) adj. entertaining, funny

zabavljati ~ zabaviti v.p. entertain A; se² have fun

zabijati («) ~ zabiti (zabije) v.p. hammer in A
~ + gol strike a goal
~ zabijen pass. adj. hammered in

zaboravljati ~ zaboraviti v.p. forget A / INF / CC; § 69
~ zaboravljen pass. adj. forgotten

zabrana f ban

zabranjivati (zabranjuje) ~ zabraniti («) v.p. daforbid DL (to…); forbid DL to INF; ban A
~ zabranjen pass. adj. banned

začas adv. in little time, soon

začin m spice
~ začinski adj.

zadnji adj. (no comp.) last (also: poslijednji; opposite: prvi)

zadovoljan (zadovoljn-) adj. content, satisfied
~ zadovoljstvo n satisfaction

zadržavati («) ~ zadržati (zadrži) v.p. keep A; se² spend time at some place

zagrada f bracket (in writing, math)

zagrliti v. perf. → grliti
~ zagrljen pass. adj. hugged

zagrljaj m hug

zahod m toilet (na¨ act.) [WC]
~ zahodski rel. adj.

zahtijevati («) impf. (od¨ G) demand (A) (from G); (od¨ G) dademand (from G) that

zahtjev m demand

zahvalan (zahvaln-) adj. thankful, grateful

zahvaljivati (zahvaljuje) ~ zahvaliti («) v.p. (za¨ A) thank (DL) (for A)

zaista adv. really (similar: stvarno)

zajednički adj. shared, common, not private

zajedno adv. together (also: skupa)

zaključavati («) ~ zaključati v.p. lock (A) (opposite: otključavati)
~ zaključan pass. adj. locked

zaključak (zaključk-) m conclusion

zaključivati (zaključuje) ~ zaključiti («) v.p. daconclude that…; conclude (A)

zakon m law
~ zakonit adj. lawful

zaljev m bay

zamatati («) ~ zamotati v.p. wrap, bind A; (opposite: odmatati)
~ zamotan pass. adj. wrapped

zanimati («) impf. be interesting to A; se² za A show interest in A

zanimljiv adj. interesting

zao (zl-) adj. (no comp.) evil

zapad m west (na¨ l/d)
~ zapadni adj. western

zapovijed f command

zapovijedati («) ~ zapovjediti v.p. (da…) order (A) (to…) (used in military context only)

zapravo adv. contrary to expectations, actually (opposite: naravno, dakako)

zar particle used to emphasize questions

zarada f profit

zarađivati (zarađuje) ~ zaraditi («) v.p. earn (A)
~ zarađen pass. adj. earned

zastava f flag

zašto adv. why § 50

zato adv. therefore, for that reason § 50

zatvarati («) ~ zatvoriti («) v.p. close A; mediopass; (opposite: otvarati)
~ zatvoren pass. adj. closed, locked up

zatvor m prison; constipation
~ zatvorski rel. adj.

zatvorenikprisoner
~ zatvorenica f
~ zatvorenički rel. adj.

zaustavljati ~ zaustaviti v.p. stop A / se² (opposite: pokretati)
~ zaustavljen pass. adj. stopped

zauzimati ~ zauzeti (zauzme) v.p. occupy A; se² za¨ A promote A
~ zauzet pass. adj. occupied

završavati («) ~ završiti («) v.p. complete (A)
~ završen pass. adj. completed, finished

zbog prep. (+ G) because of G, due to G § 50

zdrav adj. healthy
~ zdravlje n health

zec m rabbit
~ zečica f
~ zečji rel. adj.

zelen adj. green

zemlja f (G-pl zemalja) ground; earth; country
~ zemljan adj. earth

zetdaughter's husband

zgrada f building

zid m wall
~ zidni rel. adj.

zidarbricklayer, mason
~ zidarski rel. adj.

zima f winter
~ zima je² DL = DL is cold(colloq.)
~ zimski rel. adj.
~ zimi adv. in wintertime
~ zimus adv. this winter

zlato n gold
~ zlatan (zlatn-) adj. golden

zlo n evil
~ zlo je² DL = DL feels sick

zločest adj. (children's) naughty

značajan (značajn-) adj. significant

značiti impf. mean, signify A (to DL)
~ značenje n meaning

znak m sign

znati impf. know (how to INF); daknow, be aware that…; know A (a skill); (to know people: poznavati)

znanje n knowledge

znanost f science {B/S: nauka}
~ znanstven adj. {B/S: naučni}

znanstvenikscientist {B/S: naučnik}
~ znanstvenica f {B/S: naučnica}

zmija f snake
~ zmijski rel. adj.

zora f dawn

zrak m air (na¨ in fresh air) {B/S: vazduh}
~ zračni adj. {B/S: vazdušni}

zraka f ray (e.g. of light) {B/S: zrak}

zrcalo n mirror (also: ogledalo)
~ zrcalni rel. adj.

zreo (zrel-) adj. ripe
~ zrelost f maturity

zub m (N-pl zubi, G-pl zubi / zuba) tooth
~ zubni rel. adj.

zubardentist
~ zubarica f {B/S: zubarka}
~ zubarski rel. adj.

zvati (zove) ~ po- (») v.p. call (A); se² N stating name of the subject, be called N (very similar to Spanish llamarse); (see also poziv)

zvijezda f star
~ zvjezdan rel. adj. starry

zvoniti ~ po- («) v.p. ring

zvono m bell, ring (on door)

zvučati (zvuči) ~~ za- («) v.p. (kao…) sound (like…)

zvuk m sound
~ zvučni adj.

Ž

žaba f frog
~ žablji rel. adj.

žalba f complaint

žaliti impf. (za¨ A) be sorry (about A); se² (da…) complain (that…)

žao je² DL (da…) = DL is sorry (that…)

žarulja f light bulb {R/B/S: sijalica}

žedan (žedn-) adj. thirsty
~ žeđ f thirst

želudac (želudc-, želuc-) m stomach
~ želučan rel. adj.

želja f wish

željeti (želi, želio, željela) ~~ za- v.p. wish, desire A; wish to INF
~ željen pass. adj. desired

željeznica f railway
~ željeznički adj.

željezo n iron {R/B/S: gvožđe}
~ željezni adj. of iron {R/B/S: gvozden}

žena f woman; wife

ženiti ~ o- («) v.p. marry A (a woman); se² (za¨ A) marry (A) (a woman); se² get married (see also: udati)

ženski adj. female, feminine
~ ženska f (adj.) (slang) girlfriend, woman

žetva f harvest

žica f wire

ŽidovJew {B/S: Jevrej}
~ Židovka f {B/S: Jevrejka}
~ židovski adj. {B/S: jevrejski}

žito n corn, grain

živ adj. (comp. življi) alive (opposite: mrtav)

živac (živc-) m nerve {B/S: nerv (N-pl nervi)}
~ živčan rel. adj. {B/S: nervni}

živjeti (živi, živio, živjela) impf. live, reside

život (život-) m life
~ životni rel. adj.

životinja f animal
~ životinjski rel. adj.

žlica f spoon {B/S: kašika}
~ žličica f teaspoon {B/S: kašičica}

županija f county, territorial unit in Croatia

žurba f hurry

žuriti impf. hurry, be in a hurry (see also: požurivati)

žut adj. (comp. žući, žutiji) yellow

žvakati (žvače) ~ sa- («) v.p. chew (A)

5 Easy Croatian: V • Z • Ž V vaditi ~ i z- v.p. ( iz G) pull out, extract A ( from G) vaga f scale, device for weighting val m wave {B/S: talas } ~ va...

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