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Essential Verbs (A-M)

(UNDER CONSTRUCTION)

This is a list of the most useful Croatian verbs. Verbs are either listed individually, in verb pairs, and occasionally in triplets.

I've listed the 10 most important forms for each verb. For a great majority of verbs, all those forms follow regularly from the infinitive (inf) or 3rd pers. present (pres-3).

Abbreviations and stress marks follow the rest of Easy Croatian, i.e. only the place of stress is marked.

With each verb (or pair) various ways to use it are listed, and each way has at least one example.

The list is divided in three parts.

bacati ~ baciti throw

baviti se² engage, pursue

biti (je² +) be

bježati (bježi) ~ pobjeći (pobjegne,...) run away, escape

bojati (boji) se² be afraid

boljeti (boli,...) ~¹ za- («) hurt, feel pain

boriti se² fight, struggle

brinuti (brine) (se²) take care, worry

brisati (briše) ~ o- wipe

(bude) perf. be

buditi ~ pro- («) wake up

crtati ~ na- draw (a sketch, picture)

čekati wait

čistiti ~ o- clean

čitati ~ pro- read

čuti (čuje) hear

čuvati keep, guard

davati (daje) ~ dati give

dešavati («) se² ~ desiti («) se² happen (colloq.)

dobivati («) ~ dobiti (dobije) get

događati («) se² ~ dogoditi («) se² happen

dolaziti ~ doći (dođe, ...) come

donositi («) ~ donijeti (donese,...) bring (by carrying)

dopuštati («) ~ dopustiti («) allow, let

dovoditi («) ~ dovesti (dovede, doveo) bring (someone)

držati (drži) hold

gasiti ~ u- («) extinguish, turn off

gledati ~ po- watch

govoriti («) ~ reći (reče / kaže,...) say

grijati (grije) ~ u- heat, warm

griješiti ~ po- («) err, make mistake

gubiti ~ iz- («) lose

hladiti ~ o- («) cool

hraniti ~ na- («) feed

htjeti (hoće +,...) want

hvatati ~ uhvatiti catch

ići (ide,...) go

igrati ~~ za- play (game)

imati have

isključivati (isključuje) ~ isključiti («) exclude; turn off (device)

izlaziti ~ izaći (izađe,...) go out

izgledati («) appear, look, seem

javljati ~ javiti inform, contact

jesti (jede, jeo) ~ po- eat

koristiti use

krasti (krade, krao) ~ u- (») steal

kretati (kreće) ~~ krenuti move

kuhati ~ s- cook

kupati ~ o- («) bathe

kupovati (kupuje) ~ kupiti buy

kvariti ~ po- («) break, spoil

lagati (laže) ~ s- lie (tell lies)

ležati (leži) ~~ leći (legne,...) lie (e.g. on bed)

ljubitipo- («) kiss

micati (miče) ~ maknuti (makne) move

miješati ~ pro- («) mix, stir

mislitipo- think

moći (može +,...) can, be able to

molitiza- («) kindly ask; pray

morati must, have to

mrziti ~~ za- («) hate


The rest: N-PR-Ž

5 Easy Croatian: Essential Verbs (A-M) (UNDER CONSTRUCTION) This is a list of the most useful Croatian verbs. Verbs are either listed individually, in verb pairs, and occasional...

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