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Symbols & Abbreviations

The following symbols and abbreviations are used in the text (additional abbreviations appear in the Core Dictionary):

®a point of difference vs. Bosnian, Serbian or Montenegrin
²second-position word (also called enclitic) § 08
¨word pronounced with the following word (also called proclitic) § 04
~verb aspect pair (or triplet) § 48
~~verb pair, with an inchoative perf. verb § 81
verb pair, with a semelfactive ('atomic') perf. verb § 81
°impersonal verb in the present tense
«stress moves one syllable to the left (in the Standard scheme) § 12
»stress moves one syllable to the right
astressed vowel § 01
Aaccusative case (the object case) § 03, 05
A-placcusative case in plural
adj.adjective § 10
DLdative/locative case § 15
DLI-pldative/locative/instrumental case in plural § 37
fem.feminine (gender) § 10
Ggenitive case § 20
G-plgenitive case in plural § 44
Iinstrumental case § 35
imper-2imperative form of a verb, 2nd pers. singular § 53
imper-xplimperative form of a verb, xth person (x = 1, 2), plural § 53
impf.imperfective (verb) § 48
indecl.indeclinable noun or adjective, same in all cases
infinfinitive (dictionary form of a verb)
lit.literally, word-by-word translation
masc.masculine (gender) § 10
Nnominative case (the default case)
N-plnominative case in plural
neut.neuter (gender) § 10
past-ypast participle of a verb, in gender y (y = m, f, n) § 24
perf.perfective (verb) § 48
plur.plural
pres-xpresent form of a verb, xth person (x = 1, 2, 3) § 02
pres-xplpresent form of a verb, xth person (x = 1, 2, 3), plural
sing.singular
Vvocative case § 72
5 Easy Croatian: Symbols & Abbreviations The following symbols and abbreviations are used in the text (additional abbreviations appear in the Core Dictionary ): ® a point of diff...

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